Children and Medicine

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Vaccines for Adolescents February 9, 2011

Filed under: Miranda — macasey7 @ 5:49 am

There are many vaccines that are given to adolescents during the time of 12 to 18 years of age. For example the Influenza vaccine is given to children and adolescents yearly because it is an extremely contagious viral infection that is easily spread by sneezing and coughing. Children and adolescents are at the greatest risk for catching this virus. The Adolescent vaccination organization states that,“Influenza and its complications claim an average of 36,000 lives and hospitalize more than 200,000 people in the United States every year” (“Vaccine Preventable Diseases and Infections ) These statistics show that it is very important that adolescents get this vaccine every year because they are surrounded by other children every day at school and if one of them has the virus then it will quickly spread to other children. Another important vaccine for adolescents is the HPV vaccine. This vaccine is recommended for most girls at age 11-12. It helps prevent viruses that lead to cervical cancer. These viruses are spread by sexual contact. The vaccine prevents two types of HPV that causes 70% of cervical cancer (“Vaccine Preventable Diseases and Infections“). Meningococcal vaccine is another important vaccine for adolescents. Especially teens and college students living in dorms. Meningococcal disease is a blood infection and once one is infected they could die within 48 hours if they are not treated quickly enough. The survivors could suffer from brain damage and hearing loss. Adolescents are at risk because the infection spreads very quickly so teens living in college dorms have a greater risk of coming into contact with it. This disease is dangerous but preventable with a vaccine which is why most college campuses require their students to get it before starting school (“Vaccine Preventable Diseases and Infections“). Here is a picture of a child with Meningococal Disease.

 

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